The program is working with the World Bank’s Land Government Assessment Framework (LGAF) activities. The lack of reliable information on land ownership for the 80% of Ghana’s land owned by traditional authorities is an obstacle to investment (both by local people and people from outside Ghana) and efficiency-enhancing land transfers. Because of the costs and complexity involved in offering full title, it is not an option even in the medium term. The Government has realized the need to establish lower-cost options in the form of customary land secretariats (CLSs) that offer potential for gradual regulation/formalization and evolution into full title. While there have been various efforts to promote these, the benefits which different ‘types’ of chiefs (e.g. in urban vs. rural areas, the extent to which they currently derive income from the land, and the benefits from and demand for land transfers) and local land users (by level of tenure security, e.g. migrants vs. locals and women vs. men) can derive from this (which in turn will affect their incentive to participate) as well as the distribution of ‘types’ have not been studied. Without such knowledge, it will be impossible to design a program that will achieve enough coverage to make a perceptible difference in tenure security, investment, and transferability of land. The program is supporting an initial set of case studies of CLSs, which will be used to design CLSs in the second phase of the Land Administration Project. The case studies will also become the basis for design of baseline studies to examine their impact.