The Ghana Strategy Support Program (GSSP), implemented by the International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI), has been supporting agricultural policy-making in Ghana since 2005. The overall objective is to conduct research and advise on strategic policy options to support agricultural growth, rural development, and economic transformation in Ghana. Program activities consists of rigorous policy research, policy outreach, and capacity building. The program, currently in its third phase (2014 to 2018), is funded by the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) as part of the US Government’s Feed the Future (FTF) strategy in Ghana.
Our research is organized around three strategic policy areas relevant to the current agricultural policy arena in Ghana:
1) Competitiveness of agriculture and agro-processing: We investigate effective strategies to improve the technologies used by farmers and food processors and identify investments and policies needed to make crop farming, livestock production, and agro-processing more competitive, both domestically and within the region.
2) Governance, public expenditure, and development strategies: We assess the economywide returns to alternative development spending strategies, and the optimal composition of agricultural expenditure across main expenditure items, such as extension services, research and development, irrigation, rural infrastructure, and input subsidies. We also identify ways to improve planning and service delivery by giving greater autonomy to regional and district level officials in both budgeting and implementation processes.
3) Rural-urban linkages and agri-food system transformation: We examine wage dynamics and labor mobility between agriculture and rural nonfarm activities and among various formal and informal nonagricultural sectors to better understand how ongoing structural transformation affects Ghana’s agricultural sector. We also take a food systems approach to assess the varied nutrition challenges Ghana faces and examine the processes and activities along the value chain that have implications for people’s diets.
GSSP closely collaborates with the Agricultural Sector Working Group (ASWG) and other research and policy-making partners to identify program priorities and guide its implementation. The program also builds on existing work and capacities in Ghana by collaborating with institutions and individuals in research, the private sector, civil society, and government. Partners include the Institute of Statistical, Social, and Economic Research (ISSER); several institutes of the Council for Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR); the Ghana Statistical Service (GSS); the the Ministry of Food and Agriculture (MOFA), specifically its Statistics, Research and Information Directorate (SRID) and Policy Planning and Budgeting Directorate (PPBD); the International Water Management Institute (IWMI); Alliance for a Green Revolution in Africa (AGRA); and other USAID projects such as the Agriculture Policy Support Project (APSP) and the Agricultural Technology Transfer (ATT) Project.